Tigranes' co-rule with Erato is supported by numismatic evidence.  Around 18 AD Vonones I died.
In approximately 120 BC, the Parthian king Mithridates II (r. 124–91 BC) invaded Armenia and made its king Artavasdes I acknowledge Parthian suzerainty. Few records have survived about his and his predecessor Artavasdes I's reign, which has led to some confusion. He thus proceeded by consolidating his power within Armenia before embarking on his campaign. Tigranes' and Mithridates' combined Armeno-Pontic army of 70,000 men formed up to face them but were resoundingly defeated. Although Augustan propaganda depicted this as a famous victory, strategic considerations inevitably obliged the Parthians, once they settled their internal, dynastic dissensions, to dispute Roman control of Armenia. The mountains of Armenia, however, formed natural borders between the different regions of the country and as a result, the feudalistic nakharars had significant influence over the regions or provinces in which they were based. von Pontos stieg er für kurze Zeit zum mächtigsten Monarchen im östlichen Mittelmeerraum auf, wurde dann jedoch von … When Tigranes had gathered a large army, he returned to confront Lucullus. The "King of Kings" never appeared in public without having four kings attending him. Tigranes remained a hostage at the Parthian court until c. 96/95 BC, when Mithridates II released him and appointed him as the king of Armenia. Many of the inhabitants of conquered cities were sent to his new metropolis of Tigranocerta.
Tigranes' coins consist of tetradrachms and copper coins having on the obverse his portrait wearing a decorated Armenian tiara with ear-flaps. до. Tigranes took the title “king of kings” and built a new royal city, Tigranocerta, on the borders of Armenia and Mesopotamia (the actual site is disputed), where he accumulated all his wealth and to which he transplanted the inhabitants of 12 Greek towns of Cappadocia, Cilicia, and Syria.  The bird of prey was associated with the khvarenah, i.e. , Like the majority of the inhabitants of Armenia, Tigranes was a follower of Zoroastrianism.
 Archelaus sent Tigranes to live and be educated in Rome. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica.
The southern border of his domain reached as far as Ptolemais (modern Akko). For other historical figures with the same name (including other kings of Armenia), see, harvnb error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFRomeny2010 (, René Grousset / Histoire de l'Arménie (Paris, 1946), p. 85. This did not suit Tigranes, who wanted to create a centralist empire.
There are the seated Tyche of Antioch and the river god Orontes at her feet. Tigranes II el Grande (en armenio Տիգրան Մեծ, armenio oriental Tigran Mets, armenio del este Dikran Medz, en griego antiguo, Τιγράνης ὁ Μέγας Tigránes ho Mégas; en latín, Tigranes Magnus), también llamado a veces Tigran II, fue un rey de Armenia entre 95 y 55 a. C. que llevó a Armenia a la cúspide de su poder convirtiéndola en la mayor potencia en el Este romano. Tetrachalkon (Bronze, 18 mm, 2.80 g, 1 h), Artaxata, under Tigranes II, circa 96 BC.  Mithridates executed a planned general attack on Romans and Italians in Asia Minor, tapping into local discontent with the Romans and their taxes and urging the peoples of Asia Minor to raise against foreign influence.  Another son of Herod's, Antipater, was concerned for Tigranes and his brother as he expected them to attain higher stations, because of the assistance Antipater considered likely from their maternal grandfather Archelaus. Some modern scholars have doubted that such a king reigned at all.
(The struggle of Tigranes II against Roman expansion in Cappadocia)", "Tigrane en Syrie : un prince sans images", "Syrie romaine (70 av. Tigranes concluded (wrongly) that Nisibis would hold out and sought to regain those parts of Armenia that the Romans had captured. The House Of Seleucus V2 by Edwyn Robert Bevan. J.-C.)", "Überlegungen zur Funktion der Titel "Großkönig" und "König der Könige", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tigranes_the_Great&oldid=980733845, Prisoners and detainees of the Parthian Empire, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Short description is different from Wikidata, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing additional references from May 2020, Articles containing Armenian-language text, Articles containing Ancient Greek-language text, Articles with Russian-language sources (ru), Articles with German-language sources (de), Articles with Armenian-language sources (hy), Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 September 2020, at 04:02. Tigranes ruled about 10 years longer over Armenia, as a Roman client-king, though he lost all his conquests except Sophene and Gordyene.
 The layout of his capital Tigranocerta was a blend of Greek and Iranian architecture. Hovannisian, The Armenian People from Ancient to Modern Times, Volume 1: The Dynastic Periods: From Antiquity to the Fourteenth Century, Palgrave Macmillan, 2004, D. Dueck, H. Lindsay & S. Pothecary, Strabo's cultural geography: the making of a kolossourgia, Cambridge University Press, 2005, A. Kasher & E. Witztum, King Herod: a persecuted persecutor: a case study in psychohistory and psychobiography, Walter de Gruyter, 2007, This page was last edited on 26 September 2020, at 07:27.  Another daughter married Parthian prince Pacorus, son of Orodes II.
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